November 10, 2016
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An artist's rendering of a planned export terminal in Kitimat, British Columbia is seen in this handout. Canadian natural gas giant Encana Corp. is looking to tap into lucrative overseas markets by taking a 30 per cent stake in an export terminal planned for the northern British Columbia coast. At the facility in Kitimat, B.C., the gas will be converted into a liquid in ultra-cold temperatures. The liquefied natural gas, or LNG, can then be loaded onto specialized tankers and sold around the world. THE CANADIAN PRESS/HO - Encana Corp.

First Nations, Conservation Groups Sue to Block Massive LNG Project in BC

'They couldn't have chosen a worse place for an industrial facility'

By Nika Knight, Common Dreams

The Skeena River, where Canada's second largest salmon run occurs each year, is to be the site of a liquefied natural gas project worth $11 billion. (Photo: Frank Carter/Getty Images)

In an effort to block a massive liquefied natural gas (LNG) facility that threatens one of Canada's most critical salmon habitats and the livelihood of local First Nations, several Aboriginal and conservation groups in British Columbia filed multiple lawsuits against the Canadian government in a Vancouver court Thursday.

christheodorereadermagazine60-1The Gitwilgyoots tribe of the Lax Kw'alaams, the Gitanyow First Nation, and SkeenaWild Conservation Trust are hoping the last-ditch effort will prevent the project, valued at $11.4 billion CAD, from ever being built.

The facility is to be built near Prince Rupert, B.C., at the mouth of the Skeena River, which hosts Canada's second largest salmon run. It also falls within Lax Kw'alaams traditional territory on Lelu Island and the adjacent Flora Bank, as Common Dreams reported.

"They couldn't have chosen a worse place for an industrial facility," Greg Knox, director of SkeenaWild, told Common Dreams in an interview.

The lawsuits allege that the government's environmental assessments of the project were deeply flawed, and that the impacted First Nations were not adequately consulted.

The Lax Kw'alaams famously turned down a $1 billion payout last year, refusing to grant approval for the project to move forward. Yet despite such opposition, the federal government went ahead and approved it last month.

"We had a couple meetings in June and July, but the material and research we put forward with respect to this project was minimized or denied," Chief Malii, chief negotiator for the Gitanyow Hereditary Chiefs, told the Vancouver Metro. "It wasn't meaningful consultation."

The suits will name Petronas, the company with a majority stake in the project, as an associated party, the groups told Reuters.

A ceremony was held outside of the courthouse to celebrate the filing:

The plaintiffs were encouraged by the success of a similar legal challenge that defeated Enbridge's proposed Northern Gateway pipeline, another massive fossil fuel project, earlier this year. The Petronas LNG terminal poses no less a threat to the environment and Aboriginal rights, the groups say.

"The place where they're proposing the plant is where the young salmon, the juveniles, come," Knox said, explaining that the young salmon stay in the area for an extended period in order to adjust to salt water before swimming out to sea. "Anywhere from 300 million to 1 billion juvenile salmon live here for several months of the year," he said.

Knox noted that because "all of the salmon from a huge watershed" come and live at the river's mouth for months, the proposed project will significantly impact even those Aboriginal communities hundreds of miles upstream of it, who rely on the fish for sustenance.

Moreover, the conservationist alleged that "the federal Canadian government knew that this was a terrible place for an industrial facility dating back 40 years."

A government-sponsored study carried out in the 1970s found that "this was the most important salmon habitat on the coast," he said, and the government concluded that "if a major industrial facility was built, the salmon would be seriously impacted."

Yet the current government's environmental assessments for the LNG project concluded that the massive facility would cause "no significant impacts" to fish.

Of the Liberal cabinet's approval for the project, Knox observed that "so far what we've seen is massive lobbying from the oil and gas industry, and the government seems to be caving to their pressure. They're not following through on their elections promises that they made."

However, Knox added, "it feels good [to be a part of this fight]. We have a lot of support from these local communities and from the Aboriginal groups that we're working with. We feel like this is the absolutely right thing to do for today and and for future generations. If we lose these salmon runs, we'd lose a critical part of who we are."

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